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Further, will the multiracial dividend effect begin to counter some of the long-documented U. racial penalties outside of dating, such as marriage, education, work and housing?Our data is too context-specific to make such claims.After all, as she put it, "dancers don't make a lot of money." I wasn't the guy that could spoon feed her, so it ended.But surely not all American girls thought British men had an endless supply of money?As shown in Figures 1 and 2, three multiracial groups received what we refer to as a “dividend effect.” Asian-White women were viewed more favorably than any other group of women by White and Asian men, Asian-White and Hispanic-White men were also afforded “dividend” status by Asian and Hispanic women respectively.And Asian and Hispanic women responded more frequently to the multiracial men than to either their co-ethnic men or to Whites.For example, does Asian-White women’s heightened status in online dating somehow counter a history of U. fetishization of women of color and racial mixture?Or is this heightened status a result of this very dynamic?
In new research, we find evidence for a “dividend effect” in online dating, where multiracial Asian-White, Black-White and Latino-White men and women are preferred above all other groups, including Whites. For many, this “right to choose” directly challenged a long U. history of federally assigning a minority identity to anyone of mixed racial parentage. Our research uses interactional data to test the social consequences of a White/minority multiracial status.
In other words, Black women and men and White women and Men respond more frequently to Black-White daters than to Black daters, though they privilege Whiteness over Black multiraciality. With its larger representation of mixed-race and single race minority daters, the online dating world is a unique context where physical appearance and sexualized/racialized perceptions of potential daters becomes particularly pronounced.
While it may be tempting to make the claim that the existence of this “dividend effect” in online dating indicates a lessening of racial discrimination experienced by White-non/White multiracials overall, I warn against using these findings to generalize to U. For example, a generation of qualitative researchers found that multiracial women are subject to intense fetishization rooted in a long history of the mainstream American media representing mixed race women as exotic and sexually wanton. 2000 Census sparked an increase in representation of multiracial individuals and mixed-race families in general.
A generation of scholars have since sought to assess whether the increase in multiracial identification reflects real changes in the U. Using 2003-2010 data from one of the largest dating websites in the United States, we examined nearly 6.7 million initial messages sent between heterosexual women and men and assessed whether White, Asian, Black and Latino monoracial (those that identify with a single racial group) daters were less likely, equally likely, or more likely to respond to initial messages sent from Black-White, Asian-White and Latino-White multiracial daters compared to messages from their same-race in-groups.
We find that multiracial daters are treated very differently than single race daters, and, in fact, are afforded a preference premium in online dating.